Intelligent microneedle patch with prolonged local release of hydrogen and magnesium ions for diabetic wound healing

Chang Liu, Guangyu Ji, Haiyan Yang, Hengke Liu, Jiayingzi Wu, Mingsong Wang, Pei Wang, Peng Huang, Tianyu Yao, Xiansong Wang, Yan Gong

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DOI: 10.1016/j.bioactmat.2023.01.001 DOI is the universal ID for this study.

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Diabetes mellitus, an epidemic with a rapidly increasing number of patients, always leads to delayed wound healing associated with consistent pro-inflammatory M1 polarization, decreased angiogenesis and increased reactive oxygen species (ROS) in the microenvironment. Herein, a poly (lactic-co-glycolic acid) (PLGA)-based microneedle patch loaded with magnesium hydride (MgH2) (MN-MgH2) is manufactured for defeating diabetic wounds. The application of microneedle patch contributes to the transdermal delivery and the prolonged release of MgH2 that can generate hydrogen (H2) and magnesium ions (Mg2+) after reaction with body fluids. The released H2 reduces the production of ROS, transforming the pathological microenvironment induced by diabetes mellitus. Meanwhile, the released Mg2+ promotes the polarization of pro-healing M2 macrophages. Consequently, cell proliferation and migration are improved, and angiogenesis and tissue regeneration are enhanced. Such intelligent microneedle patch provides a novel way for accelerating wound healing through steadily preserving and releasing of H2 and Mg2+ locally and sustainably.

Publish Year 2023
Country China
Rank Positive
Journal Bioactive Materials
Primary Topic Skin
Secondary TopicWound Healing
Model Cell Culture
Tertiary TopicDiabetes
Vehicle Gas (Sustained Release)
pH N/A
Application Implantation