Hydrogen-generating Si-based agent improves fat graft survival in rats

Hikaru Kobayashi, Kazuya Kuroda, Koichi Tomita, Naoya Otani, Tateki Kubo, Yuki Kobayashi

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DOI: 10.1097/PRS.0000000000010919 DOI is the universal ID for this study.

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Background: Regulating excessive inflammation and oxidative stress in fat grafting may improve retention rates. Hydrogen effectively combats oxidative stress and inflammation and reportedly inhibits ischemia-reperfusion injury in various organs. Unfortunately, with conventional methods of hydrogen administration, incorporating hydrogen continuously into the body over a long period of time is difficult. We hypothesized that a Silicon (Si)-based agent we recently developed would aid in fat grafting as it can generate large amounts of hydrogen continuously in the body.

Methods: Fat grafting was performed on the backs of rats fed either a normal or 1.0 wt% Si-based agent-containing diet. To investigate synergistic effects with adipose-derived stromal cells (ASCs), which improve retention rates of fat grafting, fat grafting with ASCs (1.0×10 5/400 mg fat) was also performed in each rat. Postoperative retention rates of grafted fat over time, inflammatory indices, apoptosis and oxidative stress markers, histological findings, and expression levels of inflammation-related cytokines and growth factors were compared between the four groups.

Results: Intake of Si-based agent and addition of ASCs significantly reduced inflammatory indices, oxidative stress, and apoptosis of grafted fat, and improved long-term retention rates, histological parameters, and grafted fat quality. Under our experimental conditions, intake of the Si-based agent and addition of ASCs yielded comparable improvements in fat graft retention. Combining the two enhanced these effects even further.

Conclusion: Oral administration of the hydrogen-generating Si-based agent may improve grafted fat retention by regulating the inflammatory response and oxidative stress in grafted fat. Clinical relevance statement: This study demonstrates improved grafted fat retention rates using a Si-based agent. This Si-based agent has the potential to expand the range of therapeutic indications of hydrogen-based therapy to conditions for which hydrogen has yet to be found effective, such as fat grafting.

Publish Year 2023
Country Japan
Rank Positive
Journal Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery
Primary Topic Skin
Secondary TopicSurgery/Transplantation
Model Rat
Tertiary TopicWound Healing
Vehicle Gas (Sustained Release)
pH N/A
Application Ingestion