Effect of Hydrogen on AM Pyroptosis Induced by Severe Burns in Rats

Chao Qin, Hua Lin, Linlin Zhang, Ning Luo, Qingqing Han, Xin Wang, Yi Jiang, Yonghao Yu, Yue Zhao

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DOI: 10.3390/jpm13030377 DOI is the universal ID for this study.

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Background: Hydrogen has anti-inflammatory and antioxidant effects and is beneficial to multiple organs. However, its effect on alveolar macrophage (AM) pyroptosis induced by burns is still unclear. The purpose of this research was to study the possible positive effects of hydrogen on burn-induced lung injury and the effects of hydrogen on AM pyroptosis during acute lung injury (ALI) induced by burns.

Methods: In this study, histological changes in rat lungs in vivo were evaluated by micro-CT, and histological changes in isolated lungs were evaluated by hematoxylin and eosin (HE) staining. The expressions of leucine rich repeat (LRR) and pyrin domain (PYD) containing protein 3 (NLRP3), caspase-1 and Gasdermin-D (GSDMD) were analyzed by Western blotting. The expression of GSDMD was measured by immunofluorescence to evaluate the levels of lung inflammation and pyroptosis. The level of inflammation was assessed by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA). Pyroptosis was observed by transmission electron microscopy.

Results: We observed that severe burn resulted in increased IL-1β and IL-18, overexpression of NLRP3 and caspase-1 proteins, and pyroptosis in rat lung tissues, as demonstrated by GSDMD overexpression and electron microscopy of AMs. We also observed that hydrogen treatment partially reversed the increase in lung tissue density and reduced pulmonary inflammation. Moreover, hydrogen reduced the HE pathological injury score in the lung tissues of severely burned rats. Hydrogen treatment significantly reduced the contents of IL-1β and IL-18 in the lung tissues and decreased the expression of NLRP3, caspase-1 and GSDMD proteins compared with the burn group. Transmission electron microscopy results also showed that the number of AM membrane pores was significantly reduced in the hydrogen treatment group. Conclusions: The results of this study suggest that hydrogen may protect against ALI induced by burn injury by inhibiting pyroptosis of macrophages via NLRP3.

Publish Year 2023
Country China
Rank Positive
Journal Journal of Personalized Medicine
Primary Topic Skin
Secondary TopicWound Healing
Model Rat
Tertiary TopicBurn
Vehicle Gas
pH N/A
Application Inhalation