Intermittent environmental exposure to hydrogen prevents skin photoaging through reduction of oxidative stress

Erika Takemasa, Masaki Mogi, Naohito Hato, Shuang Liu, Takeshi Kiyoi

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DOI: 10.1111/ggi.14562 DOI is the universal ID for this study.

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Aim: Molecular hydrogen is not only expected to be used as an energy-generating resource, but also to have preventive effects on a variety of clinical manifestations related to oxidative stress through scavenging radicals or regulating gene expression. In the current study, we investigated the influence of intermittent environmental exposure to hydrogen gas at a safe concentration (1.3%) on photoaging using an ultraviolet A (UVA)-irradiated murine model.

Methods: To mimic the expected human daily activity cycle, UVA exposure in the daytime and hydrogen exposure in the night-time, an original design, UVA-transmission, hydrogen-exposure system was established. Mice were bred under experimental conditions of UVA irradiation and normal air for 8 h (outdoor time 09.00-17.00 hours), and UVA non-irradiation and inhalation of hydrogen gas for 16 h (indoor time 17.00-09.00 hours), and the daily cycle was continued for up to 6 weeks. The progression of photoaging, including morphological changes, collagen degradation and UVA-related DNA damage, was evaluated.

Results: Intermittent administration of hydrogen gas by our system prevented UVA-induced epidermal signs, such as hyperplasia, melanogenesis and appearance of senescence cells, and UVA-induced dermal signs, such as collagen degradation. In addition, we detected attenuation of DNA damage in the hydrogen exposure group as indirect evidence that intermittent exposure to hydrogen gas reduced oxidative stress. Conclusions: Our findings support the notion that long-term, intermittent environmental exposure to hydrogen gas in daily life has a beneficial effect on UVA-induced photoaging. Geriatr Gerontol Int 2023; 23: 304-312.

Publish Year 2023
Country Japan
Rank Positive
Journal Geriatrics & Gerontology International
Primary Topic Skin
Secondary TopicAging
Model Mouse
Tertiary TopicUV Radiation
Vehicle Gas
pH N/A
Application Inhalation