Hydrogen attenuates endothelial glycocalyx damage associated with partial cardiopulmonary bypass in rats

Hiroki Iwata, Sang Kien Truong, Shingo Kawashima, Soichiro Mimuro, Takasumi Katoh, Tsunehisa Sato, Yoshiki Nakajima

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DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0295862 DOI is the universal ID for this study.

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Cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB) causes systemic inflammation and endothelial glycocalyx damage. Hydrogen has anti-oxidant and anti-inflammatory properties; therefore, we hypothesized that hydrogen would alleviate endothelial glycocalyx damage caused by CPB. Twenty-eight male Sprague-Dawley rats were randomly divided into four groups (n = 7 per group), as follows: sham, control, 2% hydrogen, and 4% hydrogen. The rats were subjected to 90 minutes of partial CPB followed by 120 minutes of observation. In the hydrogen groups, hydrogen was administered via the ventilator and artificial lung during CPB, and via the ventilator for 60 minutes after CPB. After observation, blood collection, lung extraction, and perfusion fixation were performed, and the heart, lung, and brain endothelial glycocalyx thickness was measured by electron microscopy. The serum syndecan-1 concentration, a glycocalyx component, in the 4% hydrogen group (5.7 ± 4.4 pg/mL) was lower than in the control (19.5 ± 6.6 pg/mL) and 2% hydrogen (19.8 ± 5.0 pg/mL) groups (P < 0.001 for each), but it was not significantly different from the sham group (6.2 ± 4.0 pg/mL, P = 0.999). The endothelial glycocalyces of the heart and lung in the 4% hydrogen group were thicker than in the control group. The 4% hydrogen group had lower inflammatory cytokine concentrations (interleukin-1β and tumor necrosis factor-α) in serum and lung tissue, as well as a lower serum malondialdehyde concentration, than the control group. The 2% hydrogen group showed no significant difference in the serum syndecan-1 concentration compared with the control group. However, non-significant decreases in serum and lung tissue inflammatory cytokine concentrations, as well as in serum malondialdehyde concentration, were observed. Administration of 4% hydrogen via artificial and autologous lungs attenuated endothelial glycocalyx damage caused by partial CPB in rats, which might be mediated by the anti-inflammatory and anti-oxidant properties of hydrogen.

Publish Year 2023
Country Japan
Rank Positive
Journal PLoS One
Primary Topic Endothelium
Secondary TopicSurgery/Transplantation
Model Rat
Tertiary TopicCardiopulmonary Bypass
Vehicle Gas
pH N/A
Application Inhalation