Hydrogen acts as a therapeutic antioxidant by selectively reducing cytotoxic oxygen radicals

Ikuroh Ohsawa, Ken-Ichiro Katsura, Kiyomi Nishimaki, Kumi Yamagata, Kumiko Takahashi, Masahiro Ishikawa, Megumi Watanabe, Sadamitsu Asoh, Shigeo Ohta, Yasuo Katayama

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DOI: 10.1038/nm1577 DOI is the universal ID for this study.

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Acute oxidative stress induced by ischemia-reperfusion or inflammation causes serious damage to tissues, and persistent oxidative stress is accepted as one of the causes of many common diseases including cancer. We show here that hydrogen (H(2)) has potential as an antioxidant in preventive and therapeutic applications. We induced acute oxidative stress in cultured cells by three independent methods. H(2) selectively reduced the hydroxyl radical, the most cytotoxic of reactive oxygen species (ROS), and effectively protected cells; however, H(2) did not react with other ROS, which possess physiological roles. We used an acute rat model in which oxidative stress damage was induced in the brain by focal ischemia and reperfusion. The inhalation of H(2) gas markedly suppressed brain injury by buffering the effects of oxidative stress. Thus H(2) can be used as an effective antioxidant therapy; owing to its ability to rapidly diffuse across membranes, it can reach and react with cytotoxic ROS and thus protect against oxidative damage.

Publish Year 2007
Country Japan
Rank Positive
Journal Nature Medicine
Primary Topic Whole Body
Secondary TopicROS-Scavenging
Model Cell Culture
Tertiary TopicOxidative Stress
Vehicle Medium (Dissolved)
pH Neutral
Application Culture Media