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Methods: This randomized, placebo-controlled trial included 60 participants with hypertension aged 50-70 years who were randomly divided into Air group (inhaled placebo air) or H2-O2 group [inhaled H2-O2 mixture (66% H2/33% O2)]. Participants in both groups were treated 4 h per day for 2 weeks. Four-limb blood pressure and 24-h ambulatory blood pressure were monitored before and after the intervention, and levels of plasma hormones related to hypertension were determined.
Results: A total of 56 patients completed the study (27 in the Air group and 29 in the H2-O2 group). The right and left arm systolic blood pressure (SBP) were significantly decreased in H2-O2 group compared with the baseline levels (151.9 ± 12.7 mmHg to 147.1 ± 12.0 mmHg, and 150.7 ± 13.3 mmHg to 145.7 ± 13.0 mmHg, respectively; all p < 0.05). Meanwhile, the H2-O2 intervention significantly decreased diastolic nighttime ambulatory blood pressure by 2.7 ± 6.5 mmHg (p < 0.05). All blood pressures were unaffected in placebo group (all p > 0.05). When stratified by age (aged 50-59 years versus aged 60-70 years), participants in the older H2-O2 group showed a larger reduction in right arm SBP compared with that in the younger group (p < 0.05). In addition, the angiotensin II, aldosterone, and cortisol levels as well as the aldosterone-to-renin ratio in plasma were significantly lower in H2-O2 group compared with baseline (p < 0.05). No significant differences were observed in the Air group before and after the intervention.
Conclusion: Inhalation of a low-dose H2-O2 mixture exerts a favorable effect on blood pressure, and reduces the plasma levels of hormones associated with hypertension on renin-angiotensin-aldosterone system and stress in midlife/older adults with hypertension.
|Journal||Frontiers in Pharmacology|