Transient generation of hydrogen peroxide is responsible for carcinostatic effects of hydrogen combined with platinum nanocolloid, together with increases intracellular ROS, DNA cleavages, and proportion of G2/M-phase

A. Matsumoto, M. Ikeshima, N. Kawasaki, Nobuhiko Miwa, Yasukazu Saitoh

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DOI: 10.3109/10715762.2015.1131823 DOI is the universal ID for this study.

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In our previous study, we demonstrated that combined treatment with hydrogen (H2) and platinum nanocolloid (Pt-nc) exerted markedly antiproliferative effects on cancer cells compared with each treatment alone. However, because the related mechanisms remain unclear, we investigated carcinostatic mechanisms of the combined treatment with H2 + Pt-nc. Significant suppression of cell proliferation was confirmed at 52 h following combined treatment, and the similar effect was also observed by the 30- or 40-min transient treatment with H2 + Pt-nc. The transient treatments led to changes in cell size and morphology, loss of microvilli, and apoptosis-like cell death at 120 h after treatment. Moreover, transient combined treatment with H2 + Pt-nc induced cell cycle arrest, as reflected by decreased proportions of G1-phase cells and accumulation of G2/M-phase cells. In contrast, intracellular peroxide levels were temporarily and significantly increased immediately after H2 + Pt-nc treatment but not after treatment with H2 or Pt-nc alone. Additionally, combined treatment-induced carcinostatic effects were significantly diminished in the presence of catalase, and marked hydrogen peroxide (H2O2) generation was confirmed after mixing Pt-nc into cell culture media containing a high concentration of H2. These changes are in agreement with the results that carcinostatic effects were induced after only 40 min of treatment with H2 + Pt-nc. Thus, transient and marked generation of H2O2 is responsible for the carcinostatic effects of combined treatment with H2 + Pt-nc.

Publish Year 2015
Country Japan
Rank Positive
Journal Free Radical Research
Primary Topic Whole Body
Secondary TopicCancer
Model Cell Culture
Tertiary TopicOncogenesis
Vehicle Medium (Dissolved)
pH Neutral
Application Culture Media
Complement Platinum