Protective effect of molecular hydrogen against oxidative stress caused by peroxynitrite derived from nitric oxide in rat retina: Protective effect of H 2 against retinal damage

Hideak Oharazawa, Hiroshi Takahashi, Naomi Kamimura, Shigeo Ohta, Takashi Yokota, Tsutomu Igarashi

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DOI: 10.1111/ceo.12525 DOI is the universal ID for this study.

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Background Oxidative and nitrative processes have an important role in the pathogenesis of glaucomatous neurodegeneration. Oxidative stress occurs when cellular production of reactive oxygen species outweighs the protective capacity of antioxidant defences. Reactive oxygen species are generated as by-products of cellular metabolism, primarily in the mitochondria. Herein, we present a novel investigation of the effects of molecular hydrogen (H2) on retinal cells exposed to oxidative stress.Methods We cultured adult rat retinal tissues in an organotypic culture system with a nitric oxide donor, S-nitroso-N-acetylpenicillamine, in the presence or absence of H2. Loss of mitochondrial membrane potential and apoptosis of retinal cells were analysed using a MitoTMRE detection kit and TUNEL assay, respectively. Tyrosine nitration levels and oxidative stress damage in the retina were evaluated using immunohistochemical staining. Retinal damage was quantified by measuring the numbers of cells in the ganglion cell and inner nuclear layers and the thickness of the retina.ResultsH2 suppressed loss of mitochondrial membrane potential and apoptosis in retinal cells. Moreover, H2 decreased the tyrosine nitration level and suppressed oxidative stress damage in retinal cells. S-nitroso-N-acetylpenicillamine treatment decreased the cell numbers in the ganglion cell layer and inner nuclear layer, but the presence of H2 inhibited this reduction. These findings suggest that H2 has a neuroprotective effect against retinal cell oxidative damage, presumably by scavenging peroxynitrite.ConclusionsH2 reduces cellular peroxynitrite, a highly toxic reactive nitrogen species. Thus, H2 may be an effective and novel clinical tool for treating glaucoma and other oxidative stress-related diseases.

Publish Year 2015
Country Japan
Rank Positive
Journal Clinical and Experimental Ophthalmology
Primary Topic Eye
Secondary TopicRetinal Injury
Model Cell Culture
Tertiary TopicGlaucoma
Vehicle Medium (Dissolved)
pH Neutral
Application Culture Media