Inhibition of retinal ischemia-reperfusion injury in rats by inhalation of low-concentration hydrogen gas

Atsushi Hayashi, Kenichi Arai, Mitsuya Otsuka, Yoshiko Yoshida

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DOI: 10.1007/s00417-023-06262-3 DOI is the universal ID for this study.

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Purpose: To investigate the inhibitory effect of hydrogen gas inhalation on retinal ischemia reperfusion (I/R) injury using a rat model.

Methods: Six-week-old male Sprague-Dawley rats were used. A 27G needle connected by a tube to a saline bottle placed 200 cm above the eye was inserted into the anterior eye chamber to create a rat retinal I/R model. In the ischemia-plus-hydrogen-gas group (H2( +) group), the ischemia time was set to 90 min, and 1.8% hydrogen was added to the air delivered by the anesthesia mask simultaneously with the start of ischemia. In the non-hydrogen-treatment ischemia group (H2( -) group), I/R injury was created similarly, but only air was inhaled. ERGs were measured; after removal of the eyes, the retina was examined for histological, immunostaining, and molecular biological analyses.

Results: The mean thickness of the inner retinal layer in the H2( +) group was 107.2 ± 16.0 μm (n = 5), significantly greater than that in the H2( -) group (60.8 ± 6.7 μm). Immunostaining for Iba1 in the H2( -) group showed increased numbers of microglia and microglial infiltration into the subretinal space, while there was no increase in microglia in the H2( +) group. B-wave amplitudes in the H2( +) group were significantly higher than in the H2( -) group. In the membrane antibody array, levels of interleukin-6, monocyte chemotactic protein 1, and tumor necrosis factor alpha were significantly lower in the H2( +) group than in the H2( -) group.

Conclusion: Inhalation of 1.8% hydrogen gas inhibited the induction of inflammation, morphological/structural changes, and glial cell increase caused by retinal I/R injury. Keywords: Cytokine; Hydrogen gas; Inhalation; Ischemia–reperfusion injury; Retina.

Publish Year 2023
Country Japan
Rank Positive
Journal Graefe's Archive for Clinical and Experimental Ophthalmology
Primary Topic Eye
Secondary TopicRetinal Injury
Model Rat
Tertiary TopicIschemia-Reperfusion Injury
Vehicle Gas
pH N/A
Application Inhalation