Protective effect of hydrogen-rich water on oxidative stress cell model and the impact of the phosphatidylinositol 3 kinase/protein kinase B pathway

Difen Wang, Ruiting Lu, Yadi Liu

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DOI: 10.3760/cma.j.issn.2095-4352.2019.06.020 DOI is the universal ID for this study.

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Objective: To explore the protective effect of hydrogen-rich water on the oxidative stress injury of astrocytes in mice and its effect on phosphatidylinositol 3 kinase/protein kinase B (PI3K/Akt) signal pathway.

Methods: In vitro, mice astrocytes were cultured and the logarithmic growth period cells were taken for experiment. (1) Experiment one: some cells were acted by 1.25, 2.50, 5.00, 10.00 μmol/L hydrogen peroxide (H2O2) for 20 minutes to determine the appropriate concentration required for astrocyte damage induced by H2O2; cultivating 3, 6, 9, and 12 hours with hydrogen-rich water of 25, 50, 100, and 200 μmol/L, respectively, to determine the concentration and time of hydrogen-rich water pretreatment; the 50 μmol/L hydrogen-rich water was cultured together with PI3K/Akt signal pathway inhibitors wortmannin (WM) 200 nmol/L or 400 nmol/L to determine the best inhibition concentration of wortmannin. Astrocyte activity was detected by methyl thiazolyl tetrazolium (MTT) colorimetry. (2) Experiment two: some cells were divided into blank control group, H2O2 injury group, hydrogen-rich water pretreatment group (HW+H2O2 group), and co-culture of hydrogen-rich water and wortmannin pretreatment group (HW+WM+H2O2 group). The mRNA expressions of PI3K and Akt were detected by reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR); the protein expressions of PI3K, Akt and phosphorylated Akt (p-Akt) were detected by Western Blot.

Results: (1) Experiment one: the survival rate of the blank control group was 100%. Cell activity gradually decreased with the increase of H2O2 concentration, and the survival rate of the H2O2 action 20 minutes cells of 2.50 μmol/L was reduced to about 50%, so a cell injury model was established at this concentration. With the increase of hydrogen-rich water pretreatment concentration, and the duration of action, the cell survival rate increased first and then decreased. The cell survival rate was highest when 50 μmol/L hydrogen-rich water was pretreated with 9 hours, so a hydrogen-rich water pre-protection model was established. After 200 nmol/L or 400 nmol/L wortmannin was cultured together with hydrogen-rich water, cell activity was inhibited, and the cell survival rate of 200 nmol/L wortmannin group was no significantly different compared with that of H2O2 injury group, so the astrocyte suppression model was established. (2) Experiment two: compared with the blank control group, the mRNA expressions of PI3K and Akt and the protein expressions of PI3K, Akt and p-Akt were significantly decreased in the H2O2 injury group. Compared with the H2O2 injury group, the PI3K, Akt mRNA expressions and PI3K, Akt, p-Akt protein expressions were significantly increased in the HW+H2O2 group [PI3K mRNA (2-ΔΔCT): 0.843±0.019 vs. 0.631±0.038, Akt mRNA (2-ΔΔCT): 0.591±0.025 vs. 0.558±0.037, PI3K/β-actin: 1.277±0.008 vs. 0.757±0.004, Akt/β-actin: 1.308±0.015 vs. 0.682±0.006, p-Akt/β-actin: 1.210±0.005 vs. 0.614±0.005, all P < 0.05]. The mRNA expressions of PI3K, Akt in the HW+WM+H2O2 group was 0.784±0.159 and 0.556±0.037, respectively, and the protein expressions of PI3K, Akt, p-Akt was 0.715±0.006, 0.686±0.005, and 0.606±0.004, respectively, both were significantly lower than those in HW+H2O2 group (all P 0.05). Conclusions: Hydrogen-rich water activates the PI3K/Akt pathway, thereby mediates mice astrocytes to exert the biological function of antioxidant.

Publish Year 2019
Country China
Rank Positive
Journal Chinese Critical Care Medicine
Primary Topic Brain
Secondary TopicNeuroprotection
Model Cell Culture
Tertiary TopicOxidative Stress
Vehicle Water (Dissolved)
pH Neutral
Application Culture Media