Comprehensive brain tissue metabolomics and biological network technology to decipher the mechanism of hydrogen-rich water on Radiation-induced cognitive impairment in rats

Huan Liu, Hui Yuan, Jianguo Li, Mengya Liu, Xiaoman Chen, Xiaoming Liu, Xiujun Qin, Yong Wang

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DOI: 10.1186/s12860-023-00491-4 DOI is the universal ID for this study.

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Background: Hydrogen-rich water (HRW) has been shown to prevent cognitive impairment caused by ionizing radiation. This study aimed to investigate the pharmacological effects and mechanisms of HRW on ionizing radiation by coupling the brain metabolomics and biological target network methods. Methods and results: HRW significantly improves the cognitive impairment in rats exposed to ionizing radiation. Based on metabolomics and biological network results, we identified 54 differential metabolites and 93 target genes. The KEGG pathway indicates that glutathione metabolism, ascorbic acid and aldehyde acid metabolism, pentose and glucuronic acid interconversion, and glycerophospholipid metabolism play important roles in ionizing radiation therapy.

Conclusion: Our study has systematically elucidated the molecular mechanism of HRW against ionizing radiation, which can be mediated by modulating targets, pathways and metabolite levels. This provides a new perspective for identifying the underlying pharmacological mechanism of HRW. Keywords: Biological network; Brain tissue metabolomics; Hydrogen-rich water; Ionizing radiation.

Publish Year 2023
Country China
Rank Positive
Journal BMC Molecular and Cell Biology
Primary Topic Brain
Secondary TopicRadioprotection
Model Rat
Tertiary TopicCognitive Impairment
Vehicle Water (Electrolysis)
pH Neutral
Application Ingestion