Intravenous low redox potential saline attenuates FeCl3-induced vascular dysfunction via downregulation of endothelial H2O2, CX3CL1, intercellular adhesion molecule-1, and p53 expression

Chiang-Ting Chien, Da-Lung Chen, Ping-Chia Li, Tzen-Wen Chen

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DOI: 10.1016/j.trsl.2010.12.012 DOI is the universal ID for this study.

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Exaggerated reactive oxygen species (ROS) may contribute to vascular injury by the enhancement of CX3CL1, intercellular adhesion molecule-1 (ICAM-1), and pro-apoptotic p53 expression. Reduced water with safely antioxidant activity may protect vascular tissue against oxidative injury. We established reduced water (RW) by using a modified magnesium alloy and evaluated the effects of an RW-made culture medium on TNF-α-induced endothelial damage in vitro and intravenous RW-made saline (0.9%NaCl) infusion on FeCl(3)-induced arterial injury in rats in vivo. Several oxidative stresses were evaluated by using a chemiluminescence analyzer, Western blot, and immunohistochemistry. We found that the established RW, RW-culture medium, and RW saline displayed a lower redox potential (<-150 mV) and efficient H(2)O(2) scavenging activity compared with distilled-water-made solutions. The RW-culture medium significantly depressed TNF-α-enhanced endothelial H(2)O(2) production; improved CX3CL1, ICAM-1, and p53 expression; and inhibited activated monocyte adhesion to endothelial cells as well as to the CX3CL1 or the ICAM-1 coated plate when compared with the distilled-water-culture medium. In the in vivo study, the time required for FeCl(3)-induced occlusion in the urethane anesthetized rat's carotid and femoral arteries was significantly extended by intravenous RW saline infusion compared with distilled-water saline. FeCl(3) stimulation significantly enhanced vascular NADPH oxidase activity, ROS production, as well as CX3CL1, ICAM-1, p53, 3-nitrotyrosine, and 4-hydroxynonenal expression in the damaged arteries. Intravenous RW saline significantly reduced all the FeCl(3)-enhanced oxidative parameters when compared with intravenous distilled-water-saline infusion. We conclude that the RW-culture medium and saline made from magnesium alloy confer cardiovascular protection by the antioxidant capability.

Publish Year 2011
Country Taiwan
Rank Positive
Journal Translational Research
Primary Topic Heart
Secondary TopicCardiovascular Disease
Model Rat
Tertiary TopicVascular Dysfunction
Vehicle Saline (Mg-Chemico)
pH Alkaline
Application Mixed