Hydrogen nanobubbles: A novel approach toward radio-sensitization agents

Habib Zaidi, Mahdi Kahani, Ramin Jaberi, Samaneh Hashemi, Seyed Mahmoud-Reza Aghamiri, Zahra Siavashpour

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DOI: 10.1002/mp.16521 DOI is the universal ID for this study.

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Background: Ocular melanoma is a rare kind of eye malignancy that threatens the patient's eyesight. Radiotherapy and surgical removal are the most commonly used therapeutic modalities, and nanomedicine has lately entered this field. Brachytherapy using Ruthenium-106 (106 Ru) ophthalmic plaques has been used for decades to treat ocular melanoma, with the applicator placed on the patient's eyes until the prescribed dose reaches the tumor apex.

Purpose: To investigate the efficiency of hydrogen nanobubbles (H2 -NBs) employment during intraocular melanoma brachytherapy using a 106 Ru electron emitter plaque.

Methods: The Monte Carlo (MC) simulation and experimental investigation using a 3D-designed phantom and thermoluminescence dosimetry (TLD) were employed. Various concentrations of H2 -NBs with a diameter of 100 nm were simulated inside tumor tissue. The results were presented as deposited energy and dose enhancement factor (DEF). An equivalent Resin phantom of the human eyeball was made using AutoCAD and 3D-Printer technologies. The glass-bead TLDs dosimeter were employed and placed inside the phantom.

Results: Using a 1% concentration of H2 -NBs, a DEF of 93% and 98% were achieved at the tumor apex of 10 mm from the experimental setup and MC simulation, respectively. For simulated concentrations of 0.1%, 0.3%, 0.5%, 1%, and 4% H2 -NBs, a maximum dose enhancement of 154%, 174%, 188%, 200%, and 300% were achieved, respectively, and a dose reduction was seen at about 3 mm from the plaque surface.

Conclusion: H2 -NBs can be used as an absorbed dose enhancer in 106 Ru eye brachytherapy because of their unique physical characteristics. Reducing plaque implantation time on the patient's eye, reducing sclera absorbed dose, and decreasing the risk of patients' healthy organs irradiation are reported as some of the potential benefits of using H2-NBs. Keywords: Ruthenium-106 ophthalmic plaque; brachytherapy; eye phantom; glass bead dosimeters; hydrogen nanobubbles.

Publish Year 2023
Country Iran
Rank Positive
Journal Medical Physics
Primary Topic Eye
Secondary TopicCancer
Model Molecular Assay
Tertiary TopicNovel Therapy
Vehicle Gas
pH N/A
Application In Vivo Biotic Production