Beneficial effects of hydrogen gas in a rat model of traumatic brain injury via reducing oxidative stress

Jun Zhou, Keliang Xie, Tao Chen, Weiping Liu, Wenbo Liu, Xiaodong Chao, Xituan Ji, Yan Qu, Zhou Fei

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DOI: 10.1016/j.brainres.2010.07.038 DOI is the universal ID for this study.

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Traumatic brain injury (TBI) is a leading cause of mortality and disability among the young population. It has been shown that hydrogen gas (H(2)) exerts a therapeutic antioxidant activity by selectively reducing hydroxyl radical (OH, the most cytotoxic ROS). Recently, we have found that H(2) inhalation significantly improved the survival rate and organ damage of septic mice. In the present study, we investigated the effectiveness of H(2) therapy on brain edema, blood-brain barrier (BBB) breakdown, neurological dysfunction and injury volume in TBI-challenged rats. In addition, we investigated the effects of H(2) treatment on the changes of oxidative products and antioxidant enzymes in brain tissue of TBI-challenged rats. Hydrogen treatment was given by exposure to 2% H(2) from 5 min to 5h after sham or TBI operation, respectively. Here, we found that TBI-challenged rats showed significant brain injuries characterized by the increase of BBB permeability, brain edema and lesion volume as well as neurological dysfunction, which was significantly attenuated by 2% H(2) treatment. In addition, we found that the decrease of oxidative products and the increase of endogenous antioxidant enzymatic activities in the brain tissue may be associated with the protective effects of H(2) treatment in TBI-challenged rats. The present study supports that H(2) inhalation may be a more effective therapeutic strategy for patients with TBI.

Publish Year 2010
Country China
Rank Positive
Journal Brain Research
Primary Topic Brain
Secondary TopicTraumatic Brain Injury
Model Rat
Tertiary TopicOxidative Stress
Vehicle Gas
pH N/A
Application Inhalation