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Background: Post-cardiac arrest (CA) brain injury is the main cause of death in patients resuscitated from CA. Previous studies demonstrated that hydrogen inhalation mitigates post-CA brain injury. However, factors affecting the efficacy of hydrogen remain unknown. In the present study, we investigated the influence of oxygen concentration and targeted temperature on neuroprotective effect in a CA rat model of ventricular fibrillation (VF).
Methods: Cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) was initiated after 7 min of untreated VF in adult male Sprague-Dawley rats. Immediately following successful resuscitation, animals were randomized to be ventilated with 21% oxygen and 79% nitrogen (21%O2); 2% hydrogen, 21% oxygen, and 77% nitrogen (2%H2 + 21%O2); 2% hydrogen, 50% oxygen, and 48% nitrogen (2%H2 + 50%O2); or 2% hydrogen and 98% oxygen (2%H2 + 98%O2) for 3 h. For each group, the target temperature was 37.5°C for half of the animals and 35.0°C for the other half.
Results: No statistical differences in baseline measurements and CPR characteristics were observed among groups. For animals with normothermia, 2%H2 + 50%O2 (123  vs. 500 , p = 0.041) and 2%H2 + 98%O2 (73  vs. 500 , p = 0.002) groups had significantly lower neurological deficit scores (NDSs) at 96 h and significantly higher survival (75.0 vs. 37.5%, p = 0.033 and 81.3 vs. 37.5%, p = 0.012) than 21%O2 group. For animals with hypothermia, no statistical difference in NDS among groups but 2%H2 + 98%O2 has significantly higher survival than the 21%O2 group (93.8 vs. 56.3%, p = 0.014).
Conclusion: In this CA rat model, inhaling 2% hydrogen combined with a high concentration of oxygen improved 96-h survival, either under normothermia or under hypothermia.
|Journal||Frontiers in Neurology|
|Secondary Topic||Cardiac Arrest|