Hydrogen protects auditory hair cells from cisplatin-induced free radicals

Juichi Ito, Mirei Taniguchi, Takayuki Nakagawa, Yayoi S. Kikkawa

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DOI: 10.1016/j.neulet.2014.07.025 DOI is the universal ID for this study.

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Cisplatin is a widely used chemotherapeutic agent for the treatment of various malignancies. However, its maximum dose is often limited by severe ototoxicity. Cisplatin ototoxicity may require the production of reactive oxygen species (ROS) in the inner ear by activating enzymes specific to the cochlea. Molecular hydrogen was recently established as an antioxidant that selectively reduces ROS, and has been reported to protect the central nervous system, liver, kidney and cochlea from oxidative stress. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the potential of molecular hydrogen to protect cochleae against cisplatin. We cultured mouse cochlear explants in medium containing various concentrations of cisplatin and examined the effects of hydrogen gas dissolved directly into the media. Following 48-h incubation, the presence of intact auditory hair cells was assayed by phalloidin staining. Cisplatin caused hair cell loss in a dose-dependent manner, whereas the addition of hydrogen gas significantly increased the numbers of remaining auditory hair cells. Additionally, hydroxyphenyl fluorescein (HPF) staining of the spiral ganglion showed that formation of hydroxyl radicals was successfully reduced in hydrogen-treated cochleae. These data suggest that molecular hydrogen can protect auditory tissues against cisplatin toxicity, thus providing an additional strategy to protect against drug-induced inner ear damage.

Publish Year 2014
Country Japan
Rank Positive
Journal Neuroscience Letters
Primary Topic Ear
Secondary TopicCancer
Model Mouse
Tertiary TopicChemotherapy Toxicity (Cisplatin)
Vehicle Saline (Dissolved)
pH Neutral
Application Culture Media