Hydrogen inhibits the proliferation and migration of gastric cancer cells by modulating lncRNA MALAT1/miR-124-3p/EZH2 axis

Baocheng Zhu, Hengguan Cui, Weiqiang Xu

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DOI: 10.1186/s12935-020-01743-5 DOI is the universal ID for this study.

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Background: Gastric cancer is one of the most prevalent and deadly malignancies without efficient treatment option. This study aimed to investigate the effect of hydrogen gas on the behavior of gastric cancer cells.

Methods: Gastric cancer cell lines MGC-803 and BGC-823 were treated with or without H2 /O2 gas mixture (66.7%:33.3% v/v). Proliferation and migration were assessed by MTT and scratch wound healing assays respectively. The expression of lncRNA MALAT1, miR-124-3p, and EZH2 was analyzed by real-time quantitative PCR and/or western blot. Tumor growth was estimated using xenograft mouse model.

Results: H2 gas significantly inhibited gastric tumor growth in vivo and the proliferation, migration, and lncRNA MALAT1 and EZH2 expression of gastric cancer cells while upregulated miR-124-3p expression. LncRNA MALAT1 overexpression abolished all the aforementioned effects of H2. LncRNA MALAT1 and miR-124-3p reciprocally inhibited the expression of each other. MiR-124-3p mimics abrogated lncRNA MALAT1 promoted EZH2 expression and gastric cancer cell proliferation and migration. Conclusions: These data demonstrated that H2 might be developed as a therapeutics of gastric cancer and lncRNA MALAT1/miR-124-3p/EZH2 axis could be a target for intervention.

Publish Year 2021
Country China
Rank Positive
Journal Cancer Cell International
Primary Topic Stomach
Secondary TopicCancer
Model Mouse
Tertiary TopicNovel Therapy
Vehicle Gas
pH N/A
Application Inhalation