Hydrogen inhalation attenuates lung contusion after blunt chest trauma in mice

Atsunori Nakao, Hiromichi Naito, Hirotsugu Yamamoto, Kohei Ageta, Kohei Tsukahara, Mizuki Seya, Takafumi Obara, Takahiro Hirayama, Tetsuya Yumoto, Toshiyuki Aokage, Tsuyoshi Nojima, Ying Meng

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DOI: 10.1016/j.surg.2023.04.029 DOI is the universal ID for this study.

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Background: Lung contusion caused by blunt chest trauma evokes a severe inflammatory reaction in the pulmonary parenchyma that may be associated with acute respiratory distress syndrome. Although hydrogen gas has antioxidant and anti-inflammatory effects and is protective against multiple types of lung injury at safe concentrations, the effects of inhaled hydrogen gas on blunt lung injury have not been previously investigated. Therefore, using a mouse model, we tested the hypothesis that hydrogen inhalation after chest trauma would reduce pulmonary inflammation and acute lung injury associated with lung contusion.

Methods: Inbred male C57BL/6 mice were randomly divided into 3 groups: sham with air inhalation, lung contusion with air inhalation, and lung contusion with 1.3% hydrogen inhalation. Experimental lung contusion was induced using a highly reproducible and standardized apparatus. Immediately after induction of lung contusion, mice were placed in a chamber exposed to 1.3% hydrogen gas in the air. Histopathological analysis and real-time polymerase chain reaction in lung tissue and blood gas analysis were performed 6 hours after contusion.

Results: Histopathological examination of the lung tissue after contusion revealed perivascular/intra-alveolar hemorrhage, perivascular/interstitial leukocyte infiltration, and interstitial/intra-alveolar edema. These histological changes and the extent of lung contusion, as determined by computed tomography, were significantly mitigated by hydrogen inhalation. Hydrogen inhalation also significantly reduced inflammatory cytokine and chemokine mRNA levels and improved oxygenation.

Conclusion: Hydrogen inhalation therapy significantly mitigated inflammatory responses associated with lung contusion in mice. Hydrogen inhalation therapy may be a supplemental therapeutic strategy for treating lung contusion.

Publish Year 2023
Country Japan
Rank Positive
Journal Surgery
Primary Topic Lung
Secondary TopicBlunt Chest Trauma
Model Mouse
Tertiary TopicLung Contusion
Vehicle Gas
pH N/A
Application Inhalation