High Concentration Hydrogen Mitigates Sepsis-Induced Acute Lung Injury in Mice by Alleviating Mitochondrial Fission and Dysfunction

Guolin Wang, Jiange Han, Jing Liang, Keliang Xie, Nan Zhao, Ruiqiang Sun, Wanjie Ma, Yan Cui, Yingning Li, Yonghao Yu, Yu Song

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DOI: 10.3390/jpm13020244 DOI is the universal ID for this study.

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Background: Multiple organ failure (MOF) is the main cause of early death in septic shock. Lungs are among the organs that are affected in MOF, resulting in acute lung injury. A large number of inflammatory factors and stress injury in sepsis can lead to alterations in mitochondrial dynamics. Numerous studies have confirmed that hydrogen can alleviate sepsis in the animal model. The purpose of this experiment was to explore the therapeutic effect of high concentration (67%) hydrogen on acute lung injury in septic mice and its mechanism.

Methods: The moderate and severe septic models were prepared by cecal ligation and puncture. Hydrogen with different concentrations was inhaled for one hour at 1 h and 6 h after the corresponding surgery. The arterial blood gas of mice during hydrogen inhalation was monitored in real time, and the 7-day survival rate of mice with sepsis was recorded. The pathological changes of lung tissues and functions of livers and kidneys were measured. The changes of oxidation products, antioxidant enzymes and pro-inflammatory cytokines in lungs and serums were detected. Mitochondrial function was measured.

Results: The inhalation of 2% or 67% hydrogen improves the 7-day survival rate and reduces acute lung injury as well as liver and kidney injury in sepsis. The therapeutic effect of 67% hydrogen inhalation on sepsis was related to increasing antioxidant enzyme activity, reducing oxidation products and pro-inflammatory cytokines in lungs and serums. Compared with the Sham group, mitochondrial dysfunction was alleviated in hydrogen groups. Conclusions: Hydrogen inhalation by high or low concentration can both significantly improve sepsis; however, a high concentration demonstrates a better protective effect. High concentration hydrogen inhalation can significantly improve the mitochondrial dynamic balance and reduce the lung injury in septic mice.

Publish Year 2023
Country China
Rank Positive
Journal Journal of Personalized Medicine
Primary Topic Lung
Secondary TopicSepsis
Model Mouse
Tertiary TopicMultiple Organ Failure (MOF)
Vehicle Gas
pH N/A
Application Inhalation