Dose-dependent inhibition of gastric injury by hydrogen in alkaline electrolyzed drinking water

Guodong Shang, Jinling Xue, Lingyan Hou, Natalia Valesquez, Wenjun Liu, Yasuhiro Saihara, Yoshinori Tanaka, Yun Lu

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DOI: 10.1186/1472-6882-14-81 DOI is the universal ID for this study.

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Hydrogen has been reported to relieve damage in many disease models, and is a potential additive in drinking water to provide protective effects for patients as several clinical studies revealed. However, the absence of a dose-response relationship in the application of hydrogen is puzzling. We attempted to identify the dose-response relationship of hydrogen in alkaline electrolyzed drinking water through the aspirin induced gastric injury model. In this study, hydrogen-rich alkaline water was obtained by adding H2 to electrolyzed water at one atmosphere pressure. After 2 weeks of drinking, we detected the gastric mucosal damage together with MPO, MDA and 8-OHdG in rat aspirin induced gastric injury model. Hydrogen-dose dependent inhibition was observed in stomach mucosal. Under pH 8.5, 0.07, 0.22 and 0.84 ppm hydrogen exhibited a high correlation with inhibitory effects showed by erosion area, MPO activity and MDA content in the stomach. Gastric histology also demonstrated the inhibition of damage by hydrogen-rich alkaline water. However, 8-OHdG level in serum did not have significant hydrogen-dose dependent effect. pH 9.5 showed higher but not significant inhibitory response compared with pH 8.5. Hydrogen is effective in relieving the gastric injury induced by aspirin-HCl, and the inhibitory effect is dose-dependent. The reason behind this may be that hydrogen-rich water directly interacted with the target tissue, while the hydrogen concentration in blood was buffered by liver glycogen, evoking a suppressed dose-response effect. Drinking hydrogen-rich water may protect healthy individuals from gastric damage caused by oxidative stress.

Publish Year 2014
Country China
Rank Positive
Journal BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine
Primary Topic Stomach
Secondary TopicGastric Mucosal Injury
Model Rat
Tertiary TopicDrug Toxicity (Aspirin)
Vehicle Water (Electrolysis)
pH Alkaline
Application Ingestion